Jobs or Migration?
An African Perspective
Circle: Jobs or Migration?
November 4, 2019
Allianz Forum, Berlin
In a historical context, migration is the norm of our history that cannot be prevented, but must be shaped proactively. This process needs to be evolved in cooperation between Africa and Europe. Germany is a key actor in this context.
We discussed the discrepancy between the facts on migration and public misperceptions in Europe. Furthermore, we shed light on the driving factors of African migration and the necessary conditions for a robust employment market trend as well as population growth. This intercontinental discourse between African and European experts, highlighted how to shape migration in an intelligent and human way.
Facts vs. Misperception
In Europe, migration is primarily perceived as a crisis and Africa as the continent responsible for the majority of migration to Europe. Mo Ibrahim contradicted this and referred to scientific research: African migrants make up only 14% of global migration, while 41% come from Asia and 24% from Europe.
The reasons for migration in Africa are obvious: Oby Ezekwesili emphasized that in sub-Saharan Africa alone, 18 million new jobs would have to be created every year in order to offer the growing number of young people prospects on the labour market. However, the market is currently only growing by 3 million jobs a year.
Demographic Development in Africa
Africa is the world's youngest continent. The population growth has the potential to boost economic development. At the same time, family planning plays a crucial role. Activist Rosebell Kagumire from Uganda called for "women to be able to live self-determined lives. Above all, this means being able to decide freely how many children they have".
Bidges of Cooperation
Shaping migration means, above all, talking about strategic solutions together. Prime Minister Laschet emphasized: "Germany and Europe would do well to take a long-term perspective on migration, the economy and development in Africa. This is exactly why we need forums like this one, to look beyond our borders and engage more intensively with the future topic of migration."
Visual Recording - Talking Facts: Migration from an African Point of View
Rights: Jens Nordmann, Visual Facilitators for GPI, 2019
Rhoda Berger, firstname.lastname@example.org
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